The common name red-twig dogwood accurately describes this garden gem. Red-twig refers to the branches that become bright red in the winter. Its botanical name, Cornus sericea, also reflects its appearance. Cornus means horned or antlered, which refers to branching habit, and sericea, which means covered with fine silk or hair, refers to the silky hair found on new young leaves. The ovate to elongated leaves are 2-5 inches long and 1-2.5 inches wide. The plant is a fast grower and, unpruned, becomes 8-10 feet tall and slightly wider.
Red-twig dogwood is native to most of the United States and is a host plant for over 117 butterfly and moth species. It also provides pollen for our native bees. In unmanaged landscapes, it is an understory shrub mostly found by streams and riverbanks. But it will perform well in most garden settings. It can also be very useful in a rain garden where it thrives in the moister soil. Birds consume the berries, and the antlered branches make good nesting sites and shelter for birds and other animals.